Frequently asked questions about the lending process


Source: Frequently asked questions about the lending process

Where do buyers begin?

Haley Newton, a loan officer with Starkey Mortgage in Sherman, said the first step in the buying process is not finding a house, rather it’s getting prequalified for a home loan. Buyers need to first find out how much house they can afford and if they can actually purchase a home.

“A lot them want to know what the first step is, and many people believe that the first step is finding a house, but that’s actually the second step,” Newton said. “You want to get prequalified with a local lender to know what you’re prequalified for, and then go out and find a house, which is the hard part.”

What documents do buyers need to provide to get prequalified and preapproved?

Prequalification is typically the quick and easy initial step and preapproval is a more involved process. The prequalification process starts with an application, which most lenders have available online, though Newton said buyers can call a lender or meet them in person to fill it out. After buyers fill out an application, which covers the buyers’ finances and history, the lenders will verify the information for preapproval and that requires the supporting documents.

“Once they’re prequalified, we’ll give them a list of documents they need depending on their application,” Newton said.

The list typically calls for pay stubs from the last 30 days, tax returns for the last two years, bank statements for the last two months, W-2s, IDs and Social Security cards.

Jeremy Lewis, branch manager of Grayson Home Loans, said sometimes the lender may require divorce decrees and documentation to indicate other income depending on the buyers’ situation. After preapproval, Lewis said he usually gives the buyers a call, and they figure out a loan program that best fits the buyers.

How much do buyers need for a down payment?

Short answer: It depends on the loan.

Lewis said the down payment is often the main concern for buyers, and it’s not a set amount. Depending on the loan type and what programs the buyers are eligible for, the down payment can be as little as zero down. Loans from the Federal Housing Administration, Veteran Affairs and the U.S. Department of Agriculture each have a set of stipulations that include the percentage required for the down payment.

“It depends on the loan type they’re going with — whether it be a conventional loan, an FHA loan, a VA loan or a USDA loan, it will determine what they’re going to have to place down — what their initial investment is going to be,” Lewis said. “There are still those out there out there that think they have to put 10 to 20 percent down, which is not correct. They can, in certain programs, put as little as zero down.”

Newton said there are down payment assistance programs in the state that can help cover the amount needed. These programs are income based and are capped anywhere from $55,000 to $75,000 depending on the program.

What’s the deal with closing costs?

In addition to a down payment, buyers also need funds to cover the closing costs. Lewis said the closing costs depend on the loan amount as a higher loan amount is going to cost more. About half the closing costs are directed to building the buyers’ escrow account, and the other half is a combination of fees for items such as the title and appraisal.

“Closing costs are another piece of the puzzle they’re going to have to come up with,” Lewis said. “However, in a Texas residential contract, you can ask the sellers to pay a certain percentage, depending on the loan type, for your closing costs.”

Buyers can negotiate with the sellers and ask that the seller pays a portion of the closing costs, which if the buyers qualify for a down payment assistance program, the initial costs can be very low.

“If you’re able to use the down payment assistance programs in addition to requesting the seller to pay some of their closing costs, they can actually get into a home with little to nothing down,” Newton said.

What is an escrow account?

“It kind of works like a separate checking account, and the purpose of that account is to pay the yearly tax bill that comes due every January, and their insurance premium that’s due once a year depending on when they closed on their home,” Newton said.

The initial money put into the escrow account is part of the closing costs, and Lewis said homeowners then add to it monthly when they make their house payments. The account is for buyers to put back money so property taxes and insurance are covered.

“Say when their tax bill comes due in January, there will be plenty of money in the account for them to pay their taxes, so that way they’re not coming up $2 to 3 to 5,000 all at once to pay their tax bill,” Newton said.

Can buyers purchase a home with a bad credit score?

Newton said buyers don’t necessarily need the best credit in order to get a home loan, and she noted that first-time homebuyer programs have recently lowered their credit score requirements.

“A lot people around here they don’t necessarily have bad credit, they just don’t have a lot,” Newton said. “They don’t use their credit.”

Newton said lenders will work with buyers and give them steps to take over 60 to 90 days to boost their credit score to where they can buy a home.

“It can be intimidating but we can walk them through it,” Newton said.

Buyers should consult with local lenders, and Lewis said he guides buyers through the process so they know what to expect.

“There’s so many different moving parts to a loan anymore,” Lewis said. “I try to keep everyone versed and ready for what’s to come in the process and what to expect.”

Joel Lobb
Senior Loan Officer
(NMLS#57916)

American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle, Suite 3
Louisville, KY 40223

text or call my phone: (502) 905-3708
email me at kentuckyloan@gmail.com

The view and opinions stated on this website belong solely to the authors, and are intended for informational purposes only. The posted information does not guarantee approval, nor does it comprise full underwriting guidelines. This does not represent being part of a government agency. The views expressed on this post are mine and do not necessarily reflect the view of my employer. Not all products or services mentioned on this site may fit all people. NMLS ID# 57916, (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). Mortgage loans only offered in Kentucky.
All loans and lines are subject to credit approval, verification, and collateral evaluation and are originated by lender. Products and interest rates are subject to change without notice.

Joel E Lobb
American Mortgage
5029053708
email us here

Kentucky FHA, VA, USDA & Rural Housing, KHC and Fannie Mae mortgage loans.

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2016 Kentucky Home Buyers Mortgage Guide After Foreclosures and Short Sales For FHA, VA, Fannie Mae, USDA, RHS


2016 Kentucky  mortgage waiting period for foreclosures and short sales for specific situations

Homebuyers are Ready to Buy After Foreclosures and Short Sales

Kentucky Conventional Loans

  • Foreclosures: 7 years from the foreclosure completion date (some applicants may qualify for a conventional loan only 3 years after with extenuating conditions including wage earner death, illness or job loss)
  • Short Sale/Deed in Lieu-Short Sale:
    • 7 year with less than 10% down of primary residence
    • 4 years with 10% down on the purchase of a primary residence
    • 4 years with 20% down on the purchase of a primary, secondary or investment property purchase
    • 2 years with extenuating circumstances, only with 20% down

Kentucky FHA Loans

  • Foreclosures: 3 years from the foreclosure completion date and transferred back to the lender to the credit report date
  • Short Sale: 3 years from the title transfer date

 

Kentucky VA Loans

  • Foreclosure: 2 years from foreclosure completion date and date transferred back to the lender
  • Short Sale: 2 years from previous sale closed date and new owner transfer date

 

Kentucky USDA Loans

** If the mortgage debt that was foreclosed, was included in a Bankruptcy – then the KY USDA Home Loan waiting periods after foreclosure “waiting period” of 3 years, starts from the date of the discharge of the Bankruptcy.  Because it can take 6 months or more for Banks to process the Foreclosure, and transfer title, this is a tremendous plus.

 

:    3 years from foreclosure completion date or sheriff sale of home

:    3 years from short-sale closing date

 

Homebuyers are Ready to Buy After Foreclosures and Short Sales

Buying a home after a short sale, foreclosure, or bankruptcy using a Conventional Fannie Mae Loan


Buying a home after a short sale, foreclosure, or bankruptcy

Conventional Fannie Mae  Agency Guidelines below

Short Sale
Deed-In-Lieu of Foreclosure:

4 years from completion date
If extenuating circumstances exist:
• DU: 2 years from completion date
• LP: 2 years from completion date on owner occupied purchase or non-cash out refi nance only,
max 90% LTV or max LTV per program

Bankruptcy:

Chapter 7 or 11
4 years from discharge or dismissal date.
If extenuating circumstances exist – 2 years from discharge or dismissal date.
Bankruptcy: Chapter 13
4 years from dismissal date (borrower did not complete the Chapter 13 plan) or 2 years from
discharge date.
If extenuating circumstances exist – 2 years from discharge or dismissal date.
Multiple Bankruptcy Filings
within the last 7 years
5 years from the most recent discharge date or dismissal date.
If extenuating circumstances exist – 3 years from discharge or dismissal date.

Foreclosure

7 years from completion date of foreclosure action as reported on the credit report or other
foreclosure documents*
If extenuating circumstances exist: 3 years from the completion date of foreclosure action as
reported on the credit report or other foreclosure documents*
• Purchase-90% or program limit, owner occupied only

Joel Lobb
Senior  Loan Officer

(NMLS#57916)

 phone: (502) 905-3708
 Fax:     (502) 327-9119
 
 Company ID #1364 | MB73346

 CONFIDENTIALITY 

Getting Approved for a Kentucky FHA, VA, USDA, Fannie Mae Loan after a bankruptcy, foreclosure, short-sale,


How long does it take after a Bankruptcy, foreclosure or short-sale to get approved for A Kentucky VA, USDA, Rural Housing, FHA, and Conventional Mortgage loan in 2014?

Getting Approved for a Kentucky FHA, VA, USDA, Fannie Mae Loan after a bankruptcy, foreclosure, short-sale,
Getting Approved for a Kentucky FHA, VA, USDA, Fannie Mae Loan after a bankruptcy, foreclosure, short-sale,

 

 

Kentucky Mortgage Loan Program Chapter 7 Bankruptcy
Conventional
(Determined by date of application)
  • 4 years from date bankruptcy was completed
  • 2 years from date bankruptcy was completed*
KENTUCKY FHA MORTGAGE
(Determined by date of credit approval)
  • 2 years from completion date
  • Less than 2 years, but no less than 12 months the date bankruptcy was completed*
KENTUCKY VA MORTGAGE
(Determined by date of credit approval)
  • 2 years from date bankruptcy was completed
  • Between 12-23 months from the date bankruptcy was completed*
KENTUCKY MORTGAGE FOR USDA
(Determined by date of credit approval)
  • 3 years from date bankruptcy was completed
  • Less than 3 years from date bankruptcy was completed*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Joel Lobb
Senior  Loan Officer

(NMLS#57916)
 
American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
800 Stone Creek Pkwy, Ste 7,
Louisville, KY 40223
 Fax:     (502) 327-9119
 
 Company ID #1364 | MB73346