Home Loan Options for Kentucky First-Time Home-buyers in 2020


Kentucky FHA Mortgage Loans

Kentucky FHA loans are insured to give lenders a layer of protection if you default on the mortgage. They typically have competitive interest rates, smaller down payments and lower closing costs than conventional loans. A low credit score can still warrant only a 3.5 percent down payment down to a 580 credit score.

If the score is below 580, you will need a down payment of 10%

2 years removed from bankruptcy and 3 years removed from foreclosure

Clear Cavirs Alert Number (Delinquent with Government Debts)

2 year work history usually needed.

No need for rent verification unless credit scores are derogatory.

Collections usually don’t have to be paid, but if being garnished or sued with a judgement lien, typically will need to be paid.

Max debt to income ratio centered around 50% of your total gross monthly income divided by your monthly payment on the credit report along with new house payment.

Kentucky VA Home Loans

Kentucky Mortgage  loans is backed by the  VA guarantees home loans that help active military members, veterans and surviving spouses. VA loans don’t require a down payment or minimum credit score and no monthly mortgage insurance. This is one of the biggest benefits of VA loans is that they don’t require monthly mi, like FHA (.85. .80 or .45) , USDA (.35) and some Conventional Loans (varies on credit score and equity position or down payment or as lenders call it Loan to Value.

They offer 100% Financing, 2 years removed from bankruptcy or foreclosure, a clear CAVIRS, and must meet residual income requirements.

 

VA loans is the only type of mortgage loan offered in the Secondary Market (FHA, VA, USDA, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac Conventional Loans) that has residual income requirements based on household size and state you live in.

What is residual income?

Residual income is the amount left over after you pay your monthly utilities on home, property taxes and home insurance, mortgage payment and the FICA/Medicare, Taxes for State and Federal, Health Insurance, 401k deductions and loans on credit report to include child support.

 

Kentucky Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

They are government-sponsored entities that back home loans for low- and moderate-income families.

Down payments can be as low as 3 percent and monthly mortgage is relativity cheap if you have a high credit score (over 720) and at least 5% down payment.

One of the biggest advantages of conventional loans when you are putting down less than 80%,  is that the mortgage insurance is not for life of loan like, FHA, USDA has, and it has no upfront mortgage insurance premium like FHA (1.75% upfront mi premium) or VA (upfront mi premium from 2.15% to 3.6% depending on usage and loan type)

Kentucky USDA Rural Housing Loan
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, or USDA, focuses on homes in rural areas and guarantees the home loan. Borrowers don’t have to buy or run a farm.

A credit score of 640 or higher typically gets an applicant streamlined processing. A lower score is allowed but may require extra documentation about payment history.

Kentucky Rural Development Mortgage Guide

No Down Payment Required, Zero NADA! – Kentucky Rural Housing USDA loans allow someone to buy a home without putting any money down.
Lower Mortgage Insurance costs – Mortgage Insurance, is much lower on KY USDA loans than on FHA This can save you a lot of money.
30 year fixed Interest Rates for Kentucky Rural Housing Loans with no prepay penalty The interest rates are lower on USDA loans, which results in lower payments, and plenty of money saved over time.

How to Qualify for a Kentucky USDA Loan

Property Eligibility – The home you want to finance with a KY USDA loan must be an eligible property. The property must be located in a rural area which is generally defined to have the following characteristics: Under certain conditions, towns and cities with populations between 10,000 and 25,000. The USDA makes the eligibility determination, which may be verified at the following link: http://eligibility.sc.egov.usda.gov/eligibility/welcomeAction.do.

Job History – Similar to all other mortgage loans, a two year employment history is required. You must show that you have been consistently employed for the past two years in order to qualify for Kentucky USDA financing; however in certain circumstances a small gap in employment may be permitted with a reasonable explanation. Additionally, if you have just completed schooling or military service and are newly employed but do not yet have a 2 year history, your income may also be eligible.

Income Limits – The Kentucky Rural Housing USDA program is intended to assist low and moderate-income Kentucky households, therefore to be eligible for a USDA loan, your household income may not exceed the moderate-income limits established for the specific county in which you are financing a home. you may view the eligibility requirements on this page of the USDA website:


New Income limits for most counties (*) in Kentucky are $86,850 for a household family of four and household families of five or more  can make up to  $114,650.



The Northern Kentucky Counties (***) of Boon, Kenton, Campbell, Brackenn, Gallatin, and Pendleton are $93,500 for a household of four or less and up to $123,400 for a family of five or more.

USDA Eligible Areas in Northern Kentucky
Burlington
Hebron
Independence
Walton
Alexandria
Highland Heights
Cold Springs
Grant County
Owen County
Pendleton County

USDA Income Limits
Boone, Kenton & Campbell Counties (N. KY)

$93,500 (family size 1-4)
$123,400 (family size 5 or more)

Grant, Owen & Pendleton Counties (N. KY)

$86,850 (family size 1-4)
$114,650 (family size 5 or more)

With the new changes for 2019 USDA Income limits, the Jefferson County Louisville, KY Metro area (**) saw an increase of $87,600 for a family of four and up to $115,650 for a family of five or more. The metro area surrounding counties of Jefferson County includes Oldham, Bullitt, Spencer are included in these higher income limits for USDA loans.

Remember,  the entire  Jefferson County and Fayette County  Kentucky counties are not eligible for USDA loans. Along with parts of the following counties Daviess (Owensboro), Mccracken (Paducah), Madison County, (Richmond), Clark County (Winchester), Warren (Bowling Green), Hardin (Fort Knox and Radcliff), Bullitt(Hillview, Maryville, Zoneton, Fairdale, Brooks), Franklin, (Frankfort), Henderson (Henderson City Limits), Christian County (Hopkinsville, Fort Campbell), Boyd County (Ashland city limits) and the most Northern Parts of Boone, Kenton, Campbell Counties of Northern Kentucky (Covington, Florence, Richwood, Hebron, Ludlow, Fort Thomas, Bellevue, Ryle, Beechwood, ) see  map below

DTI Ratio or debt to income ratios. One of the main criteria in determining if you will be approved or not is your debt-to-income ratio. While you must not make too much money, you also must not have too much debt. Your debt-to-income ratio is how much monthly debt you have (only those debts which show on your credit report are counted) compared to your qualifying income.

Credit Score – The minimum credit score for a Kentucky USDA Mortgage Loan goes down to a 581 credit score, however most loans get approved at 640 or higher .varies from lender to lender, but most want to see at least a 640 credit score for you to be approved.

Mortgage Insurance – USDA loans have their own version of mortgage insurance. It is called the “Guaranteed Fee” and works similarly to FHA loans which have an upfront and monthly mortgage insurance premium (MIP). With USDA loans, there is a 1.00% upfront guarantee fee which may be financed on top of your loan, and a 0.35% annual guarantee fee that is divided into 12 payments each year. The amount of your annual fee (paid monthly) adjusts each year and goes down as your loan balance does. Use our USDA calculator to get an idea of what your monthly payment will be

Kentucky Good Neighbor Next Door Mortgage Loan
This program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development helps law enforcement officers, firefighters, emergency medical technicians and K-12 grade teachers buy homes.

A 50 percent discount off a home’s listed price is available through the program in areas labeled “revitalization areas.” Buyers must commit to living in the home for at least 36 months.

Kentucky FHA 203(k) Rehab Loans

If a fixer-upper fits more easily into your budget, a Section 203(k) rehabilitation program loan that’s backed by FHA can help. It considers the value of the home after you’ve made improvements, and lets you borrow the money for these fixes, rolling it into your mortgage. The down payment can be as low as 3 percent!

 

Mortgage Rates Drop for Fourth Straight Week for Kentucky Mortgage Loans 


Kentucky Mortgages Rates for FHA, VA, USDA, Conventional, Jumbo Mortgage Loans
Kentucky Mortgages Rates for FHA, VA, USDA, Conventional, Jumbo Mortgage Loans

via Mortgage Rates Drop for Fourth Straight Week for Kentucky Mortgage Loans 

Credit Karma -“Free” isn’t good, and good isn’t free..


I also pulled one of the reviews from the website…

“I recently used Credit Karma in Canada (where I live) to determine if I would be able to get a mortgage on a new home. My score from them show my credit to be well into the good category at 716. I then approached a company for a mortgage ( I would never have considered this with a bad score). I was contacted within a few hours that my credit score was 618. I asked this company if they had the right name. When I told them my documented score, I was informed that they do not recognize credit Karma’s information. Therefore I find Credit Karma to be useless. I wonder how many others have had doors slammed in their face by this. My wife has not been well and it was very hard on her. Thanks for nothing Credit Karma.”

For my clients, I recommend either Privacy Guard or Credit Check Total to monitor their credit reports and scores.  These sites cost about $20-$30 per month to access/track new credit reports and scores.  This is the least expensive way that I’ve found to obtain new credit reports and scores that we use for our credit repair service.

Privacy Guard uses a “Credit Xpert” score which is fairly similar to a “FICO score” that banks use to risk grade you for a loan.

Credit Check Total uses a “FICO 8” score which is a generic consumer credit score.  This is also very close to a score banks use to grade you.

FICO has designed over 50 different scoring models designed for specific industries (mortgage, auto, credit card, etc..) which will all produce a different 3 digit score ranging from 300-850.  Are you confused yet?

If you’re thinking of applying for a loan/credit, go to MyFICO and purchase all of your FICO scores.  Their cost is about $60 for all your FICO scores.  This will be accurate information that will show you the same scores that the banks will see to approve or deny you.

Share this post with anyone you know that uses Credit Karma!

 

Source: Credit Karma -“Free” isn’t good, and good isn’t free..

 

 

Frequently asked questions about the lending process


 

Source: Frequently asked questions about the lending process

Where do buyers begin?

Haley Newton, a loan officer with Starkey Mortgage in Sherman, said the first step in the buying process is not finding a house, rather it’s getting qualified for a home loan. Buyers need to first find out how much house they can afford and if they can actually purchase a home.

“A lot them want to know what the first step is, and many people believe that the first step is finding a house, but that’s actually the second step,” Newton said. “You want to get qualified with a local lender to know what you’re pre qualified for, and then go out and find a house, which is the hard part.”

What documents do buyers need to provide to get qualified and pre approved?

qualification is typically the quick and easy initial step and approval is a more involved process. The qualification process starts with an application, which most lenders have available online, though Newton said buyers can call a lender or meet them in person to fill it out. After buyers fill out an application, which covers the buyers’ finances and history, the lenders will verify the information for preapproval and that requires the supporting documents.

“Once they’re prequalified, we’ll give them a list of documents they need depending on their application,” Newton said.

The list typically calls for pay stubs from the last 30 days, tax returns for the last two years, bank statements for the last two months, W-2s, IDs and Social Security cards.

Jeremy Lewis, branch manager of Grayson Home Loans, said sometimes the lender may require divorce decrees and documentation to indicate other income depending on the buyers’ situation. After approval, Lewis said he usually gives the buyers a call, and they figure out a loan program that best fits the buyers.

How much do buyers need for a down payment?

Short answer: It depends on the loan.

Lewis said the down payment is often the main concern for buyers, and it’s not a set amount. Depending on the loan type and what programs the buyers are eligible for, the down payment can be as little as zero down. Loans from the Federal Housing Administration, Veteran Affairs and the U.S. Department of Agriculture each have a set of stipulations that include the percentage required for the down payment.

“It depends on the loan type they’re going with — whether it be a conventional loan, an FHA loan, a VA loan or a USDA loan, it will determine what they’re going to have to place down — what their initial investment is going to be,” Lewis said. “There are still those out there out there that think they have to put 10 to 20 percent down, which is not correct. They can, in certain programs, put as little as zero down.”

Newton said there are down payment assistance programs in the state that can help cover the amount needed. These programs are income based and are capped anywhere from $55,000 to $75,000 depending on the program.

What’s the deal with closing costs?

In addition to a down payment, buyers also need funds to cover the closing costs. Lewis said the closing costs depend on the loan amount as a higher loan amount is going to cost more. About half the closing costs are directed to building the buyers’ escrow account, and the other half is a combination of fees for items such as the title and appraisal.

“Closing costs are another piece of the puzzle they’re going to have to come up with,” Lewis said. “However, in a Texas residential contract, you can ask the sellers to pay a certain percentage, depending on the loan type, for your closing costs.”

Buyers can negotiate with the sellers and ask that the seller pays a portion of the closing costs, which if the buyers qualify for a down payment assistance program, the initial costs can be very low.

“If you’re able to use the down payment assistance programs in addition to requesting the seller to pay some of their closing costs, they can actually get into a home with little to nothing down,” Newton said.

What is an escrow account?

“It kind of works like a separate checking account, and the purpose of that account is to pay the yearly tax bill that comes due every January, and their insurance premium that’s due once a year depending on when they closed on their home,” Newton said.

The initial money put into the escrow account is part of the closing costs, and Lewis said homeowners then add to it monthly when they make their house payments. The account is for buyers to put back money so property taxes and insurance are covered.

“Say when their tax bill comes due in January, there will be plenty of money in the account for them to pay their taxes, so that way they’re not coming up $2 to 3 to 5,000 all at once to pay their tax bill,” Newton said.

Can buyers purchase a home with a bad credit score?

Newton said buyers don’t necessarily need the best credit in order to get a home loan, and she noted that first-time home buyer programs have recently lowered their credit score requirements.

“A lot people around here they don’t necessarily have bad credit, they just don’t have a lot,” Newton said. “They don’t use their credit.”

Newton said lenders will work with buyers and give them steps to take over 60 to 90 days to boost their credit score to where they can buy a home.

“It can be intimidating but we can walk them through it,” Newton said.

Buyers should consult with local lenders, and Lewis said he guides buyers through the process so they know what to expect.

“There’s so many different moving parts to a loan anymore,” Lewis said. “I try to keep everyone versed and ready for what’s to come in the process and what to expect.”

Joel Lobb
Senior Loan Officer
(NMLS#57916)American Mortgage Solutions, Inc.
10602 Timberwood Circle, Suite 3
Louisville, KY 40223

text or call my phone: (502) 905-3708
email me at kentuckyloan@gmail.com

The view and opinions stated on this website belong solely to the authors, and are intended for informational purposes only. The posted information does not guarantee approval, nor does it comprise full underwriting guidelines. This does not represent being part of a government agency. The views expressed on this post are mine and do not necessarily reflect the view of my employer. Not all products or services mentioned on this site may fit all people. NMLS ID# 57916, (www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org). Mortgage loans only offered in Kentucky.
All loans and lines are subject to credit approval, verification, and collateral evaluation and are originated by lender. Products and interest rates are subject to change without notice.

Joel E Lobb
American Mortgage
5029053708
email us here

Kentucky FHA, VA, USDA & Rural Housing, KHC and Fannie Mae mortgage loans.

Five strategies for first time home buyers Kentucky


 

There are 4 basic things that a Kentucky First Time Home buyers in 2020 needs to show a lender in order to get approved for a mortgage. Each category has so many what ifs and sub plots that each box can read as it’s own novel. In other words, each category has so many variables that can affect what it takes to get approved, but without further adieu here are the four categories in no particular order as each without any of these items, you’re pretty much dead in the water:
1. Income

You need income. You need to be able to afford the home. But what is acceptable income? Let’s just say that there are two ratios mortgage underwriters look at to qualify you for mortgage payment:

First Ratio – The first ratio, top ratio or housing ratio. Basically that means out of all the gross monthly income you make, that no more that X percent of it can go to your housing payment. The housing payment consists of Principle, Interest, Taxes and Insurance. Whether you escrow or not every one of these items are factored into your ratio. There are a lot of exceptions to how high you can go, but let’s just say that if your ratio is 33% or less, generally, across the board, you’re safe.

Second Ratio- The second ratio, bottom ratio or debt ratio includes the housing payment, but also adds all of the monthly debts that the borrower has. So, it includes housing payment as well as every other debt that a borrower may have. This would include, Auto loans, credit cards, student loans, personal loans, child support, alimony….basically any consistent outgoing debt that you’re paying on. Again, if you’re paying less than 45% of your gross monthly income to all of the debts, plus your proposed housing payment, then……generally, you’re safe. You can go a lot higher in this area, but there are a lot of caveats when increasing your back ratio.

What qualifies as income? Basically, it’s income that has at least a proven, two year history of being received and pretty high assurances that the income is likely to continue for at least three years. What’s not acceptable? Unverifiable cash income, short term income and income that’s not likely to continue like unemployment income, student loan aid, VA education benefits,or short term disability are not allowed for a mortgage loan.

2. Assets

What the mortgage underwriter is looking for here is how much can you put down and secondly, how much will you have in reserves after the loan is made to help offset any financial emergencies in the future.

Do you have enough assets to put the money forth to qualify for the down payment that the particular program asks for. The only 100% financing or no money down loans still available in Kentucky for home buyers are available through USDA, VA, and KHC or Kentucky Housing Loans. Most other home buyers that don’t qualify for the no money down home loans mentioned above, will turn to the FHA program. FHA loans currently requires a 3.5% down payment.

Kentucky Home buyers that have access to putting down at least 5% or more, will usually turn to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac mortgage programs so they can get better pricing when it comes to mortgage insurance.

These assets need to be validated through bank accounts, 401k or retirements account and sometimes gifts from relatives or employer.. Can you borrower the down payment? Sometimes. Generally if you’re borrowing a secured loan against a secured asset you can use that. But rarely can cash be used as an asset. FHA will allow for gifts from relatives for down payments with little as 3.5% down but Fannie Mae will require a 20% down payment when a gift is being used for the down payment on the home.

The down payment scenarios listed above are for Kentucky Primary Residences only. There are stricter down payment requirements for investment homes made in Kentucky.

3. Credit

620 is the bottom score (again with few exceptions) that lenders will permit. Below a 620, then you’re in a world of hurt with most FHA, VA, Fannie Mae and USDA Lenders that we deal with. I do deal with some lenders that offer a FHA loan down to a 560 credit score, but most FHA and VA lenders will wanta 580 to 620 score. Fannie Mae or Conventional loans will not go below 620.

Even at 620, people consider you a higher risk that other folks and are going to penalize you or your borrower with a more expensive loan. 720 is when you really start to get in the “as a lender we love you” credit score. 740 is even better. Watch your credit scores carefully. You have three credit scores from Experian, Equifax and Transunion, and the lender will take your middle score. For example, Experian comes back with a 598, Transunion a 620 score, and Equifax a 615 score, then your qualifying middle credit score would be 615.

Your scores will have to come from the mortgage company’s credit report bureau they use so please be aware that sites like Credit Karma and Credit Sesame will show different estimates of your scores that could vary once the lender pulls your true fico scores. Getting your fico scores costs money, so you can always pay and get your score first or have the lender pull it for free.

AS FAR AS PREVIOUS BANKRUPTCIES AND FORECLOSURES:
Kentucky FHA Mortgage Loans currently requires 3 years removal from a foreclosure or short sale and 2 years on a bankruptcy with good re established credit.

Kentucky Fannie Mae Mortgage Loans currently requires 4 years removal from a bankruptcy, and 7 years on a foreclosure.

Kentucky VA Mortgage Loans currently requires 2 years removal from a bankruptcy or foreclosure with good re established credit.

Kentucky USDA loans require 3 years removal from bankruptcy and foreclosure with good re established credit.

4. Appraisal

Generally, there’s nothing you can do to affect this. Bottom line here is…..”is the value of the house at least the value of what you’re paying for it?” If not, then not good things start to happen. Generally you’ll find less issues with values on purchase transactions, because, in theory, the realtor has done an accurate job of valuing the house prior to taking the listing. The big issue comes in refinancing. In purchase transactions, the value is determined as the

Lower of the value or the contract price!!!

That means that if you buy a $1,000,000 home for $100,000, the value is established at $100,000. Conversely, if you buy a $200,000 home and the value comes in at $180,000 during the appraisal, then the value is established at $180,000. Big issues….Talk to your loan officer.

For each one of these boxes, there are over 1,000 things that can effect if a borrower has reached the threshold to complete that box. Soooooooooooo…..talk to a great loan officer. There are so many loan officers that don’t know what they’re doing. But, conversely, there’s a lot of great ones as well. Your loan is so important! Get a great lender so that you know, for sure, that the loan you want, can be closed on!

 

 

 

The 23 Questions We Asked at Mortgage Pre-Approval


 

Source: The 23 Questions We Asked at Mortgage Pre-Approval

 

Credit Scores Needed To Qualify For A Kentucky Mortgage Loan Approval?


 

 

Credit Scores Needed To Qualify For A Kentucky Mortgage Loan Approval
Credit Scores Needed To Qualify For A Kentucky Mortgage Loan Approval

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Credit Scores Needed To Qualify For A Kentucky Mortgage Loan Approval

Source: Credit Scores Needed To Qualify For A Kentucky Mortgage Loan Approval?