Refinancing a Kentucky Fannie Mae mortgage| What effects the rate you get?


Add-ons may be dissuading many from refinancing

Kenneth R. Harney

Friday, October 8, 2010; 4:40 PM 

Kentucky Conventional Mortgage Rates? What you don't know

 

With kentucky mortgage rates at unprecedented lows, why are more people not taking advantage of them to refinance or buy houses?

The answers are complex and include sagging consumer confidence in the economy and high unemployment rates. But some mortgage lenders point to what they see as overreactions in their own industry that are discouraging and disqualifying potential borrowers ¿ sharply increased credit score requirements, higher down payments, and add-on fees imposed by mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which control about two-thirds of marketplace loan volume.

The most controversial Fannie-Freddie fees, which were introduced as the housing bubble began deflating, are known as “loan-level pricing adjustments.” Many mortgage executives say they are excessive, given stricter underwriting standards that reduce the long-term risk of new loans being originated.

Bruce Calabrese, president of Equitable Mortgage Corp., a mortgage banking firm in Louisville, Kentucy, considers them “simple cash grabs by Fannie and Freddie because they can, not because of any increased risk.” Fred Kreger, branch manager of American Family Funding , says the fees — which can add thousands of dollars in upfront costs for borrowers or raise their interest rates — seem to be out of line with the actual risk in the marketplace, as evidenced by the fact that “portfolio lenders like small- to medium-sized credit unions, or banks do not charge them,” even though they are lending to the same customers as Fannie and Freddie.

Tne add-ons are killing refinancing deals for customers who want to lock in 30-year rates in the mid-4 percent range. “You’ve got people out there…who’d like to refinance,” he said in an interview. “But when they look at the points they’ve got to pay because their credit score is a little below” a cut-off line set by Fannie and Freddie, “they decide it’s not worth it.”

Refinancing a Kentucky Fannie Mae mortgage

 

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Fannie and Freddie, which have operated under federal conservatorship since September 2008, maintain sliding scales of fees, starting with a standard one-quarter of 1 percent “adverse market delivery charge.” For a $300,000 loan, that’s $750 just to get in the door. On top of that come fees calibrated to a sliding scale of down-payment amounts, credit scores and housing types.

Say, for example, you want to buy or refinance a condominium. Under Fannie’s latest add-on matrix, a condo unit buyer who has less than a 25 percent down payment gets hit with a three-quarters of 1 percent add-on fee. On a $300,000 condo loan, this comes to $2,250, which must be paid in cash or rolled into a higher mortgage rate.

The same matrix imposes fees based on applicants’ credit scores. For instance, anyone with a FICO credit score of 679 who is buying a house with 20 to 25 percent down ¿ a substantial amount, for most budgets ¿ is assessed a 2.5 percent “loan-level price adjustment” fee.

 

Refinancing a Kentucky Fannie Mae mortgage

Asked for comment on what justifies the continuing imposition of costly add-ons that date to lower-quality underwriting conditions, officials of the two companies did not comment or said the fees are needed to cover potential losses. Freddie Mac spokesman Brad German said, “We feel we are pricing risk appropriately.” Fannie Mae representatives had no comment.

Private mortgage insurance companies, which provide coverage against loss to Fannie and Freddie on loans with down payments of less than 20 percent, are especially critical of the continuing add-on fees. They say the extra charges on top of their own insurance premiums routinely discourage borrowers from taking out conventional loans and push them instead to the Federal Housing Administration, whose market share has exploded from less than 3 percent to more than 30 percent in recent years.

Even with the FHA’s move to raise its monthly insurance premiums to borrowers effective last Monday, private insurers say that in many cases Fannie’s and Freddie’s add-on fees still make them non-competitive. Without the extra charges, they say, consumers seeking low-down-payment conventional loans could be getting lower rates and fees. But there’s no sign they will.

kenharney@earthlink.net

Refinancing a Kentucky Fannie Mae mortgage

Report: 1 in 3 loan applications denied


Report: 1 in 3 loan applications denied

By ALAN ZIBEL (AP) – 1 hour ago

WASHINGTON — Nearly one in three borrowers who applied for a mortgage last year was denied as lenders kept their standards tight as the mortgage crisis accelerated, the government reported Wednesday.

In its annual look at mortgage practices among lending institutions, Federal Reserve said the denial rate for all home loans was about 32 percent last year — about the same as in 2007, but up from 29 percent in 2006. The denial rates for blacks and Hispanics were more than twice as high as the rate for white borrowers.

The report highlights massive changes in the lending industry after the housing market bust. Overall loan applications were down by a third from a year earlier, and were half the level in 2006.

Loans backed by the Federal Housing Administration soared to 21 percent of all loans made last year from less than 5 percent in both 2005 and 2006.

For black borrowers, more than half of all loans were FHA-insured, more than triple a year earlier. For Hispanics, that number shot up to 45 percent, more than four times as high as in 2007. That was troubling news for consumer advocates.

“I’m hard-pressed to believe that many of those borrowers couldn’t have been served by the private sector,” said John Taylor, chief executive of the National Community Reinvestment Coalition, a consumer group in Washington. “It implies that the industry has shut down in serving this population.”

High-priced loans with rates at least 3 percentage points above the rate for prime loans, shrunk to nearly 12 percent of the market from a high of 29 percent in 2006. But that figure mainly reflects unusually low interest rates during the recession, the report said, and understates the disappearance from the market of high-priced subprime loans made to borrowers with poor credit.

Last year, about 17 percent of blacks and 15 percent of Hispanics got high-priced loans, compared with about 7 percent of whites. Even controlling for factors that might widen that discrepancy, there still a gap of almost 8 percentage points between the number of blacks and whites who got high-cost loans.

The mortgage industry says lenders are not discriminating by race, and are making adjustments based on borrowers’ risk profile — such as their credit score and the size of their down payments.

“You still have a certain degree of risk-based pricing in the market,” said Jay Brinkmann, the Mortgage Bankers Association’s chief economist.

Lenders also scaled back dramatically on the amount of so-called “piggyback” mortgages, in which borrowers used second mortgages to avoid making a 20 percent down payment. Those loans have virtually disappeared from the market: Only 98,000 were made last year, down from 1.3 million annually in 2006.

The data, collected from nearly 8,400 lenders, is required under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act of 1975.

Copyright © 2009 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

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