Tag: Federal takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
Fannie Mae Offers Closing Cost Assistance on HomePath®
On February 13, Fannie Mae announced that homebuyers may receive up to 3.5% in closing cost assistance when they purchase a HomePath® property in 27 states during the FirstLook™ period. To be eligible for the incentive, the initial offer must be submitted between , and the loan must close on or before May 31, 2014. Please refer to the February 13, 2014 Fannie Mae News Release orHomePath.com for additional details and a list of states.
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The Kentukcy FHA loan application process includes many steps, including running a credit report and having the Kentucky FHA borrower fill out paperwork with personal information like open lines of credit and current income. Applying for a government home loan also requires giving the lender two types of personal history–a record of where the borrower has lived and where the borrower has worked.
KEntucky FHA requirements dictate furnishing at least a two-year work history, but that requirement shouldn’t be mistaken for an employment minimum. According to the FHA’s official site, “FHA does not impose a minimum length of time a borrower must have held a position of employment to be eligible for a mortgage.”
What does a buyer do if they can’t show at least a two-year work history? Some KEntukcy FHA home loan applicants who recently graduated from college or have separated from the military may wonder if they have reduced chances of getting an FHA loan approved because they can’t show a history of traditional employment.
In the case of military members, especially Guard and Reserve members who may have joined and been called to active duty right away because of wartime operations, the military service itself is viewed as employment.
There’s no liability or negative consequences as a result of military service, especially where a government home loan application is concerned. The FHA requests a copy of discharge paperwork or related documents to establish a military work history.
For students, part-time work and internships may be interpreted as employment under the right circumstances, but regardless all the FHA requires is supporting documentation of college attendance. College transcripts are usually sufficient. There is one caveat–according to the FHA official site, “…You must prove steady income for at least three years, and demonstrate that you’ve consistently paid your bills on time.”
Steady income for college students may be more difficult to demonstrate, but those on work-study programs, lengthy internships or other programs may find it easier to get Kentucky FHA approval for a home loan than those who studied full-time but did not work. In the end, it’s up to the lender and the FHA to determine what college experience is worth on the Kentucky FHA loan application.
How Long Do I Have To Be Employed to Qualify for an Kentucky FHA Loan?
As a rule of thumb, however, a credit score below 640 will make buying a home very difficult. A FICO score below 640 is considered sub-prime. In the past there were mortgage companies that specialized in sub-prime mortgages. Because of the challenges in the credit market over the last year or so, however, sub-prime loans have become difficult if not impossible to obtain.
A FICO score between 620 and 650 is considered fair to good credit. But keep in mind, this range of credit scores does not guarantee you will qualify for a mortgage, and if you do qualify, it won’t get you the lowest interest rate possible. Still, to buy a home aim for a score of at least 640, recognizing that other factors weigh in the decision and that some banks may require a higher score.
Under normal Fannie Mae underwriting standards, a borrower is considered self-employed if he or she owns more than 25% of a business from which income is derived. Any lower percentage ownership and a borrower can simply be considered employed by the firm (Yes, this is a help for co-owners of a small business – if you own less than 25% you don’t even have to read this article).
1) two years of business tax returns; 2) two years of personal tax returns; 3) a letter from a CPA confirming two years of self-employment; and 4) a year to date profit and loss statement. If there are any problems with this information, then additional documentation will be required, such as letters from accountants, business bank statements or other financial records.
One change raises the annual insurance premium, paid monthly by the borrower, setting it at 0.85 percent to 0.9 percent of the loan balance, depending on the down payment or equity owned; the amount used to be 0.5 percent to 0.55 percent. The other change lowers the one-time upfront insurance premium that borrowers must pay, to 1 percent of the loan balance from 2.25 percent.
The upfront premium is paid in a lump sum at closing or added to the loan balance, unlike the monthly premium, which is paid over the life of the loan in addition to the interest and principal.
The decrease in the upfront premium, welcome though it might seem to some customers, does little to offset the effects of the monthly increase, called “really pretty hefty.”
Kentucky F.H.A. loans are usually taken out by buyers who cannot qualify under the stiffer down-payment requirements of Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, the government-controlled buyers of loans. F.H.A. requires 3.5 percent, while Fannie Mae typically requires 5 to 15 percent or more, depending on the type of loan.
The changes, under an example provided by the F.H.A., mean that a borrower who puts 3.5 percent down on a $154,000 house with a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage at 5 percent (such a consumer typically earns a gross annual income of $54,000, according to the agency) and who finances the upfront premium into the loan will see monthly mortgage payments, including taxes, interest and the two insurance premiums, rise to $1,238 from $1,205. The example is based on median data, including property taxes put at about 2.5 percent of home value. That increase includes the drop in the upfront mortgage insurance, to $1,486 from $3,344 — but also includes the rise in the monthly insurance premium, to $111 from $68.
Last August, President Obama signed into law a bill authorizing the F.H.A. to increase premiums to shore up its insurance funds; the agency had been authorized to raise the annual premium to as much as 1.55 percent.
Conventional loans, which conform to Fannie and Freddie underwriting guidelines, do not require upfront mortgage insurance. But some may require monthly private mortgage insurance, if the borrower puts less than 20 percent down toward the purchase, or has less than 20 percent equity in a refinancing.
Kentucky F.H.A. borrowers, meanwhile, can stop paying the monthly mortgage insurance only after five years and when their loan-to-value ratio reaches 78 percent, at which point they have 22 percent equity in their home.
Kentucky F.H.A. loans are typically offered by niche direct lenders, and because of the insurance, they often carry interest rates equal to or slightly below those of conventional loans.
In October, the F.H.A. set a minimum FICO score of 500 for borrowers who want an Kentucky F.H.A.-insured loan — the first time a minimum was set. It also introduced a new minimum down payment of 10 percent for borrowers with FICO scores below 580. (Those above 580 still pay a minimum 3.5 percent.)
The issue for the F.H.A, Mr. Harriott said, is that the realm of borrowers has widened. “We see executives of little companies, teachers, people making $200,000 a year, doing an F.H.A. loan, because they’ve gotten into a financial situation,” he said, adding that Kentucky F.H.A. loans are perceived as safe by investors because of the insurance.