Louisville Mortgage Underwriting Guidelines


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Source: Louisville Mortgage Underwriting Guidelines

Louisville Mortgage mortgage underwriting guidelines will help you understand your loan options when purchasing or refinacing a home. Now that you have found your dream house, you are going to need to apply for a Louisville Mortgage mortgage loan. Your realtor will either recommend a banking institution or you may already have one in mind. You will be dealing with a loan officer who will be compiling all the data on you to see if you qualify for a loan to pay for this house. All lending institutions have different Underwriting Guildelines set in place when reviewing a borrower’s financial history to determine the likelihood of receiving on-time payments. The primary items reviewed are:

Income

Income is one of the most important variables a lender will examine because it is used to repay the loan. Income is reviewed for the type of work, length of employment, educational training required, and opportunity for advancement. An underwriter will look at the source of income and the likelihood of its continuance to arrive at a gross monthly figure.

Salary and Hourly Wages – Calculated on a gross monthly basis, prior to income tax deductions.

Part-time and Second Job Income – Not usually considered unless it is in place for 12 to 24 straight months. Lenders view part-time income as a strong compensating factor.

Commission, Bonus and Overtime Income – Can only be used if received for two previous years. Further, an employer must verify that it is likely to continue. A 24-month average figure is used.

Retirement and Social Security Income – Must continue for at least three years into the future to be considered. If it is tax free, it can be grossed up to an equivalent gross monthly figure. Multiply the net amount by 1.20%.

Alimony and Child Support Income – Must be received for the 12 previous months and continue for the next 36 months. Lenders will require a divorce decree and a court printout to verify on-time payments.

Notes Receivable, Interest, Dividend and Trust Income – Proof of receiving funds for 12 previous months is required. Documentation showing income due for 3 more years is also necessary.Rental Income – Cannot come from a Primary Residence roommate. The only acceptable source is from an investment property. A lender will use 75% of the monthly rent and subtract ownership expenses. The Schedule E of a tax return is used to verify the figures. If a home rented recently, a copy of a current month-to-month lease is acceptable.

Automobile Allowance and Expense Account Reimbursements – Verified with 2 years tax returns and reduced by actual expenses listed on the income tax return Schedule C.

Education Expense Reimbursements – Not considered income. Only viewed as slight compensating factor.

Self Employment Income – Lenders are very careful in reviewing self-employed borrowers. Two years minimum ownership is necessary because two years is considered a representative sample. Lenders use a 2-year average monthly income figure from the Adjusted Gross Income on the tax returns. A lender may also add back additional income for depreciation and one-time capital expenses. Self-employed borrowers often have difficulty qualifying for a mortgage due to large expense write offs. A good solution to this challenge used to be the No Income Verification Loan, but there are very few of these available any more given the tightened lending standards in the current economy. NIV loan programs can be studied in the Mortgage Program section of the library.

Debt

An applicant’s liabilities are reviewed for cash flow. Lenders need to make sure there is enough income for the proposed mortgage payment, after other revolving and installment debts are paid.

  • All loans, leases, and credit cards are factored into the debt calculation. Utilities, insurance, food, clothing, schooling, etc. are not.
  • If a loan has less than 10 months remaining, a lender will usually disregard it.
  • The minimum monthly payment listed on a credit card bill is the figure used, not the payment made.
  • An applicant who co-borrowed for a friend or relative is accountable for the payment. If the applicant can show 12 months of on-time cancelled checks from the co-borrowee, the debt will not count.
  • Loans can be paid off to qualify for a mortgage, but credit cards sometimes cannot (varies by lender). The reasoning is that if the credit card is paid off, the credit line still exists and the borrower can run up debt after the loan is closed.
  • A borrower with fewer liabilities is thought to demonstrate superior cash management skills.

Credit History

Most lenders require a residential merged credit report (RMCR) from the 3 main credit bureaus: Trans Union, Equifax, andExperian. They will order one report which is a blending of all three credit bureaus and is easier to read than the individual reports. This “blended” credit report also searches public records for liens, judgments, bankruptcies and foreclosures. See ourcredit report index.

Credit report in hand, an underwriter studies the applicant’s credit to determine the likelihood of receiving an on-time mortgage payment. Many studies have shown that past performance is a reflection of future expectations. Hence, most lenders now use a national credit scoring system, typically the FICO score, to evaluate credit risk. If you’re worried about credit scoring see our articles on it.

The mortgage lending process, once very forgiving, has tightened lending standards considerably. A person with excellent credit, good stability, and sufficient documentable income to make the payments comfortably will usually qualify for an “A” paper loan. “A Paper”, or conforming loans, make up the majority of loans in the U.S. and are loans that must conform to the guidelines set by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac in order to be saleable by the lender. Such loans must meet established and strict requirements regarding maximum loan amount, downpayment amount, borrower income and credit requirements and suitable properties. Loans that do not meet the credit and/or income requirements of conforming “A-paper” loans are known as non-conforming loans and are often referred to as “B”, “C” and “D” paper loans depending on the borrower’s credit history and financial capacity.

Here are some rules of thumb most lenders follow:

  • 12 plus months positive credit will usually equal an A paperloan program, depending on the overall credit. FHA loans usually follow this guideline more often than conventional loans.
  • Unpaidcollections, judgments and charge offs must be paid prior to closing an A paper loan. The only exception is if the debt was due to the death of a primary wage earner, or the bill was a medical expense.
  • If a borrower has negotiated an acceptable payment plan, and has made on time payments for 6 to 12 months, a lender may not require a debt to be paid off prior to closing.
  • Credit items usually are reported for 7 years. Bankruptcies expire after 10 years.
  • Foreclosure – 5 years from the completion date. From the fifth to seventh year following the foreclosure completion date, the purchase of a principal residence is permitted with a minimum 10% down and 680 FICO score. The purchase of a second or investment property is not permitted for 7 years. Limited cash out refinances are permitted for all occupancy types.
  • Pre-foreclosure (Short Sale) – 2 years from the completion date (no exceptions or extenuating circumstances).
  • Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure – 4 year period from the date the deed-in-lieu is executed. From the fifth to the seventh year following the execution date the borrower may purchase a property secured by a principal residence, second home or investment property with the greater of 10 percent minimum down payment or the minimum down payment required for the transaction. Limited cash out and cash out refinance transactions secured by a principal residence, second home or investment property are permitted pursuant to the eligibility requirements in effect at that time.
  • Chapter 7 Bankruptcy – A borrower is eligible for an A paper loan program 4 years after discharge or dismissal, provided they have reestablished credit and have maintained perfect credit after the bankruptcy.
  • Chapter 13 Bankruptcy – 2 years from the discharge date or 4 years from the dismissal date.
  • Multiple Bankruptcies– 5 years from the most recent dismissal or discharge date for borrowers with more than one filing in the past 7 years.
  • The good credit of a co-borrowerdoes not offset the bad credit of a borrower.
  • Credit scores usually range from 400 to 800. Changes to lending standards are occurring on a daily basis as a result of tightening lending standards, and can vary from lender-to-lender– so this information should be considered simply a guideline. For conforming loans, most lenders will lend down to a FICO of 620, with additional rate hits for the lower-end credit scores and loan-to-values. When you are borrowing more than 80%, they typically will not lend if you have a FICO below 680. The FHA/VA program just changed their minimum required FICO to 620, unless you are qualifying a borrower with non-traditional credit. The few non-conforming loan programs that are still available typically require 30% down payment with a minimum FICO of 700 for self-employed and 650 for W-2 employees, and the loan-to-value will change with the loan amount.
  • A credit score below 600 may require an Alternative Credit mortgage program.
  • Misinformation on a credit report can be repaired! For more information see our credit repairsection.
  • The FTC states, “Credit repair companies take your money and vanish.” Anything a credit repair company does for a fee, a consumer can do for free. Be wary of these guys!
  • If a borrower falls behind on a payment, the creditor should be contacted as quickly as possible. Most creditors will work with a borrower who makes an initial good faith effort to communicate with them.

Savings

Lenders evaluate savings for three reasons.

  1. The more money a borrower has after closing, the greater the probability of on-time payments.
  2. Most loan programs require a minimum borrower contribution.
  3. Lenders want to know that people have invested their own into the house, making it less likely that they will walk away from their life’s savings. They analyze savings documents to insure the applicant did not borrow the funds or receive a gift.

Lenders look at the following types of accounts and assets for down payment funds:

Checking and Savings – 90 days seasoning in a bank account is required for these funds.Gifts and Grants – After a borrower’s minimum contribution, a gifts or grant is permitted.

Sale of Assets – Personal property can be sold for the required contribution. The property should be appraised and a bill of sale is required. Also, a copy of the received check and a deposit slip are needed.

Secured Loans – A loan secured by property is also an acceptable source of closing funds.

IRA, 401K, Keogh & SEP – Any amount that can be accessed is an acceptable source of funds.

Sweat Equity and Cash On Hand – Generally not acceptable. FHA programsallow it in special circumstances.

Sale Of Previous Home – Must close prior to new home for the funds to be used. A lender will ask for a listing contract, sales contract, or HUD 1 closing statement.

Debt vs Income Ratio

The percentage of one’s debt to income is one of the most important factors when underwriting a loan. Lenders have determined that a house payment should not exceed approximately 30% of Gross Monthly Income. Gross Monthly Income is income before taxes are taken out. Furthermore, a house payment plus minimum monthly revolving and installment debt should be less than 40% of Gross Monthly Income (this figure varies from 35%-41% contingent on the source of financing).

Example

An applicant has $4,500 gross monthly income. The maximum mortgage payment is:

$4500 X .30 = $1350

Their total debts come to:

$500 Car
$20 Visa
$30 Sears
$75 Master Card
—————-
$625 per month.

Remember, their total debts (mortgage plus other debts) must be less than or equal to 40% of their gross monthly income.

$2,800 X .40 = $1800

$1800 is the maximum debt the borrower can have, debts and mortgage payments combined. Can the borrower keep all their debts and have the maximum mortgage payment allowed? NO!

In this case, the borrower, since they have high debts, must adjust the maximum mortgage payment downward, because:

$625 debts
$1350 mortgage
————–
$1975 – which is more than the $1800 (40% of gross debt) we calculated above.

The maximum mortgage payment is therefore:

$1800 – $625 (monthly debt) = $1175.

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Louisville Kentucky Jumbo Mortgage Loans


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Louisville Kentucky Jumbo Mortgage Loans

Louisville KY Jumbo loans are any loans over $417,000. With jumbo loans you typically have to put down 20% or more. Jumbo loan option include 30 and 15 year fixed or 3, 5, 7 year ARMS. Jumbo loans start over $417,000, but can go up to the multi-million dollar range. As the loan amount goes up, the percentage you have to put down goes up.
These loans often require the borrower to have high credit scores and plenty of reserves. The borrower also has to be willing to help us document their income. The stated income options of yesterday are long gone. If you are a business owner, you will now have to provide tax returns to prove income.
Typically Jumbo loans have higher rates than conforming loans under $417,000. This is because jumbo loans carry a lot more risk to lenders. Jumbo loans are associated with luxury homes which can take longer to sell and can be prone to large valuation shifts. Jumbo loans and higher-end homes have come under more scrutiny with the lower market values and the associated difficulties with appraising luxury homes. In the current mortgage environment fewer lenders are offering jumbo loans and super jumbo loans.
So, if you are in the market for a jumbo loan, here are the new rules:
• A down payment, or, if refinancing, equity, of (usually):
• At least 20% down for jumbos up to $1 million
• At least 30% down up to $2 million
• More for loans over $2 million
• An excellent credit score (at least 720 but could be more as some banks report that their average jumbo customer has a credit score in the 760s)
• Income documentation and verification. Borrowers are now required to provide financial records verifying that they earn what they say they earn (some borrowers have been asked to provide two years of their income history).
• Expect to obtain an adjustable-rate loan; fixed-rate jumbos are relatively rare.
• DTI (Debt-to-Income) of less than 38 percent. That means a borrower’s monthly mortgage payment must be less than 38 percent of their income before taxes. The ability to afford to make monthly payments is critical in the jumbo loan market.
Be prepared to shop around. Depending on what part of the country you are in, lenders can have different jumbo loan lending guidelines. Guidelines may also vary depending on the type of dwelling (condo vs. house), whether it is a primary home or investment property (some lenders will only approve jumbo loans for primary residences; others will grant jumbo loans for vacation homes or investment properties).
Jumbo loans are not commodities. Today, most jumbo loans come from the big banks that are keeping loans on their books instead of selling them. Falling property values are still a concern, but with jumbo loans requiring a lower loan-to-value ratio, even if housing prices dropped sharply, the risk to the bank is low.
Since interest rates on deposits are currently low, the bank makes money by charging higher interest rates on mortgages than they pay on their customers’ deposits, thereby profiting on jumbo mortgages, even when the mortgage is offered at a low rate. However, keep in mind that rates paid on deposits will someday rise again. Banks are promoting jumbo ARMs whose rates will rise when rates paid on deposits go up. The most popular jumbos are 5/1 ARMs, which have an introductory rate that lasts five years; then adjust annually thereafter.
Income requirements are high
Lenders of jumbo mortgages take a risk. If a jumbo mortgage loan defaults, it can be hard to sell the property quickly for a good price. Luxury properties are generally more subject to the vagaries of the marketplace than are ordinary properties. Therefore, borrowers taking a jumbo mortgage must prove their financial responsibility and reliability
Having a high income demonstrates an ability to support mortgage payments. In order to qualify for a jumbo mortgage, you will have to have a low debt-to-income ratio that allows you comfortably to pay the principal, interest, taxes and insurance each month. As a rule, your monthly mortgage payment on a jumbo loan should not exceed 38 percent of your pre-tax income.
Be prepared to present proof of your income. Jumbo borrowers typically have to fully document two years of income history. Show your shining credit score  A good credit score is essential to qualify for a jumbo mortgage. Required scores vary according to lender, but expect to need a score of at least 720. Be aware that lenders will look at credit reports from all three major credit bureaus, so any history of missed payments is sure to impact.  Down payment requirements are demanding  Again, due to the risk the lender takes, down payment requirements for jumbo loans are strict. It is rare to find a lender who will accept less than 20 percent of the home cost as a down payment. Many lenders expect at least 30 percent, especially for very expensive properties.
Not all properties qualify  Although each lender is different, many will not offer jumbo loans on vacation homes and investment properties. Refinancing a jumbo loan can be problematic in a weak economy. If house prices fall, borrowers of jumbo loans might suddenly find that they do not have 20 percent equity in their homes. Thus, they do not qualify to refinance.
Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)Senior  Loan Officer
502-905-3708 cell
502-813-2795 fax
jlobb@keyfinllc.comKey Financial Mortgage Co. (NMLS #1800)*
107 South Hurstbourne Parkway*
Louisville, KY 40222*

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Joel Lobb (NMLS#57916)
Senior  Loan Officer
502-905-3708 cell
502-813-2795 fax
jlobb@keyfinllc.com

Key Financial Mortgage Co. (NMLS #1800)*
107 South Hurstbourne Parkway*
Louisville, KY 40222*

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Louisville Ky FHA Loans


Louisville Ky FHA Loans

The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is a federal agency within the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). FHA’s primary objective is to assist in providing housing opportunities for lo to moderate income families. FHA has both single family (1-4 unit homes) and multi-family (5 or more units) mortgage lending programs. The agency does not generally provide funds for the mortgages, but rather insures home mortgage loans made by private industry lenders such as mortgage bankers, savings and loans and banks.


Is there a Loan Limit on Louisville Ky FHA Loans?
FHA Maximum Loan Amounts are set by HUD for every county in the United States. Maximum loan amounts vary from one county to another. It is critical that the borrower’s loan amount, including financed closing costs, not exceed the maximum set by FHA for the county in which the subject property is located. There are no income limits on Louisville Ky FHA Loans  . Check with you Loan Consultant for the maximum Mortgage amount allowed in the county you are considering purchasing a home in.


Is Mortgage Insurance Required On Louisville Ky FHA Loans?
FHA is a government insured program with a unique mortgage insurance program. Although not as expensive monthly, you have an up front MIP fee. FHA requires a mortgage insurance premium on the 203(b) program. An up front premium of  1.0% of the loan amount is paid at closing and can be financed into the mortgage amount. In addition there is a monthly MIP amount included in the PITI of 1.15% . Condos do not require up front MIP, only monthly MIP.


Can I Use Gift Funds for the Down Payment for a Louisville Ky FHA Loans   ?

One of the most popular aspect of FHA financing is the ability to receive your down payment as a gift. It just needs to be from a relative. The down payment can be 100% gift funds. This is one of the key benefits to the Louisville Ky FHA Loans and FHA program. Most conventional mortgages do not allow 100% gift funds. Generally the borrower must have 5% of the funds.

Verification of the source of gift money is not required. However, it is necessary that the gift funds be deposited in the borrower’s bank account, or in an escrow account, prior to underwriting approval. Proof of deposit is required.

Gift donors are restricted primarily to a relative of the borrower. They can also be certain organizations, such as a labor union or charitable organization. Contact your Loan Consultant for complete information.


What are the Rules Regarding Bankruptcy for a Louisville Ky FHA Loans?
FHA may have the most lenient policies towards bankruptcy, but you still must have a valid reason and re-established credit. Generally, a bankruptcy will not necessarily disqualify a potential borrower. Guidelines are as follows:

Chapter 7: Two years must have passed since the bankruptcy was discharged. (Note: Discharge, not Filing Date) The borrower must have re-established good credit without delinquencies for two years (or has chosen not to incur new credit obligations), and has demonstrated an ability to manage financial affairs. If the borrower does not incur new credit, such thing as, Car Insurance, Telephone, Cable, Utilities, Medical Payments, Etc. will be used to demonstrate re-established credit.

Chapter 13: A borrower currently paying off debts through this process may qualify if a minimum of one year of the pay out period had elapsed and payment performance has been satisfactory with no new derogatory credit and the borrower must receive court approval to enter into the mortgage transaction.

Louisville Ky FHA Loans

Call me for your next Louisville Kentucky FHA Loan; I have closed over 300 FHA loans in my career