Get Ready Louisville Kentucky First Time Home Buyers. KHC is offer $4 million in funding available with new reservations on or after Thursday, September 1, 2016. This will go super fast so I…
August 11, 2016
Funding is Available for your SFH Guaranteed Applications!
As we enter the last two months of Fiscal Year (FY) 2016, Rural Development is pleased to announce that USDA has more than $10 billion available to guarantee no-down payment loans for your rural customers through our Single Family Housing Guaranteed Program.
Today’s low interest rate environment, coupled with new program features such as the single-close construction loan and the streamlined-assist refinance option, makes this a great opportunity for rural Americans! Please visit our SFH Guarantee website or contact a Guaranteed Loan Specialist for more information!
Thank you for your support of the Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program! We are proud to partner with you to serve the rural homebuyers of America.
Louisville Mortgage mortgage underwriting guidelines will help you understand your loan options when purchasing or refinacing a home. Now that you have found your dream house, you are going to need to apply for a Louisville Mortgage mortgage loan. Your realtor will either recommend a banking institution or you may already have one in mind. You will be dealing with a loan officer who will be compiling all the data on you to see if you qualify for a loan to pay for this house. All lending institutions have different Underwriting Guildelines set in place when reviewing a borrower’s financial history to determine the likelihood of receiving on-time payments. The primary items reviewed are:
Income is one of the most important variables a lender will examine because it is used to repay the loan. Income is reviewed for the type of work, length of employment, educational training required, and opportunity for advancement. An underwriter will look at the source of income and the likelihood of its continuance to arrive at a gross monthly figure.
Salary and Hourly Wages – Calculated on a gross monthly basis, prior to income tax deductions.
Part-time and Second Job Income – Not usually considered unless it is in place for 12 to 24 straight months. Lenders view part-time income as a strong compensating factor.
Commission, Bonus and Overtime Income – Can only be used if received for two previous years. Further, an employer must verify that it is likely to continue. A 24-month average figure is used.
Retirement and Social Security Income – Must continue for at least three years into the future to be considered. If it is tax free, it can be grossed up to an equivalent gross monthly figure. Multiply the net amount by 1.20%.
Alimony and Child Support Income – Must be received for the 12 previous months and continue for the next 36 months. Lenders will require a divorce decree and a court printout to verify on-time payments.
Notes Receivable, Interest, Dividend and Trust Income – Proof of receiving funds for 12 previous months is required. Documentation showing income due for 3 more years is also necessary.Rental Income – Cannot come from a Primary Residence roommate. The only acceptable source is from an investment property. A lender will use 75% of the monthly rent and subtract ownership expenses. The Schedule E of a tax return is used to verify the figures. If a home rented recently, a copy of a current month-to-month lease is acceptable.
Automobile Allowance and Expense Account Reimbursements – Verified with 2 years tax returns and reduced by actual expenses listed on the income tax return Schedule C.
Education Expense Reimbursements – Not considered income. Only viewed as slight compensating factor.
Self Employment Income – Lenders are very careful in reviewing self-employed borrowers. Two years minimum ownership is necessary because two years is considered a representative sample. Lenders use a 2-year average monthly income figure from the Adjusted Gross Income on the tax returns. A lender may also add back additional income for depreciation and one-time capital expenses. Self-employed borrowers often have difficulty qualifying for a mortgage due to large expense write offs. A good solution to this challenge used to be the No Income Verification Loan, but there are very few of these available any more given the tightened lending standards in the current economy. NIV loan programs can be studied in the Mortgage Program section of the library.
An applicant’s liabilities are reviewed for cash flow. Lenders need to make sure there is enough income for the proposed mortgage payment, after other revolving and installment debts are paid.
- All loans, leases, and credit cards are factored into the debt calculation. Utilities, insurance, food, clothing, schooling, etc. are not.
- If a loan has less than 10 months remaining, a lender will usually disregard it.
- The minimum monthly payment listed on a credit card bill is the figure used, not the payment made.
- An applicant who co-borrowed for a friend or relative is accountable for the payment. If the applicant can show 12 months of on-time cancelled checks from the co-borrowee, the debt will not count.
- Loans can be paid off to qualify for a mortgage, but credit cards sometimes cannot (varies by lender). The reasoning is that if the credit card is paid off, the credit line still exists and the borrower can run up debt after the loan is closed.
- A borrower with fewer liabilities is thought to demonstrate superior cash management skills.
Most lenders require a residential merged credit report (RMCR) from the 3 main credit bureaus: Trans Union, Equifax, andExperian. They will order one report which is a blending of all three credit bureaus and is easier to read than the individual reports. This “blended” credit report also searches public records for liens, judgments, bankruptcies and foreclosures. See ourcredit report index.
Credit report in hand, an underwriter studies the applicant’s credit to determine the likelihood of receiving an on-time mortgage payment. Many studies have shown that past performance is a reflection of future expectations. Hence, most lenders now use a national credit scoring system, typically the FICO score, to evaluate credit risk. If you’re worried about credit scoring see our articles on it.
The mortgage lending process, once very forgiving, has tightened lending standards considerably. A person with excellent credit, good stability, and sufficient documentable income to make the payments comfortably will usually qualify for an “A” paper loan. “A Paper”, or conforming loans, make up the majority of loans in the U.S. and are loans that must conform to the guidelines set by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac in order to be saleable by the lender. Such loans must meet established and strict requirements regarding maximum loan amount, downpayment amount, borrower income and credit requirements and suitable properties. Loans that do not meet the credit and/or income requirements of conforming “A-paper” loans are known as non-conforming loans and are often referred to as “B”, “C” and “D” paper loans depending on the borrower’s credit history and financial capacity.
Here are some rules of thumb most lenders follow:
- 12 plus months positive credit will usually equal an A paperloan program, depending on the overall credit. FHA loans usually follow this guideline more often than conventional loans.
- Unpaidcollections, judgments and charge offs must be paid prior to closing an A paper loan. The only exception is if the debt was due to the death of a primary wage earner, or the bill was a medical expense.
- If a borrower has negotiated an acceptable payment plan, and has made on time payments for 6 to 12 months, a lender may not require a debt to be paid off prior to closing.
- Credit items usually are reported for 7 years. Bankruptcies expire after 10 years.
- Foreclosure – 5 years from the completion date. From the fifth to seventh year following the foreclosure completion date, the purchase of a principal residence is permitted with a minimum 10% down and 680 FICO score. The purchase of a second or investment property is not permitted for 7 years. Limited cash out refinances are permitted for all occupancy types.
- Pre-foreclosure (Short Sale) – 2 years from the completion date (no exceptions or extenuating circumstances).
- Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure – 4 year period from the date the deed-in-lieu is executed. From the fifth to the seventh year following the execution date the borrower may purchase a property secured by a principal residence, second home or investment property with the greater of 10 percent minimum down payment or the minimum down payment required for the transaction. Limited cash out and cash out refinance transactions secured by a principal residence, second home or investment property are permitted pursuant to the eligibility requirements in effect at that time.
- Chapter 7 Bankruptcy – A borrower is eligible for an A paper loan program 4 years after discharge or dismissal, provided they have reestablished credit and have maintained perfect credit after the bankruptcy.
- Chapter 13 Bankruptcy – 2 years from the discharge date or 4 years from the dismissal date.
- Multiple Bankruptcies– 5 years from the most recent dismissal or discharge date for borrowers with more than one filing in the past 7 years.
- The good credit of a co-borrowerdoes not offset the bad credit of a borrower.
- Credit scores usually range from 400 to 800. Changes to lending standards are occurring on a daily basis as a result of tightening lending standards, and can vary from lender-to-lender– so this information should be considered simply a guideline. For conforming loans, most lenders will lend down to a FICO of 620, with additional rate hits for the lower-end credit scores and loan-to-values. When you are borrowing more than 80%, they typically will not lend if you have a FICO below 680. The FHA/VA program just changed their minimum required FICO to 620, unless you are qualifying a borrower with non-traditional credit. The few non-conforming loan programs that are still available typically require 30% down payment with a minimum FICO of 700 for self-employed and 650 for W-2 employees, and the loan-to-value will change with the loan amount.
- A credit score below 600 may require an Alternative Credit mortgage program.
- Misinformation on a credit report can be repaired! For more information see our credit repairsection.
- The FTC states, “Credit repair companies take your money and vanish.” Anything a credit repair company does for a fee, a consumer can do for free. Be wary of these guys!
- If a borrower falls behind on a payment, the creditor should be contacted as quickly as possible. Most creditors will work with a borrower who makes an initial good faith effort to communicate with them.
Lenders evaluate savings for three reasons.
- The more money a borrower has after closing, the greater the probability of on-time payments.
- Most loan programs require a minimum borrower contribution.
- Lenders want to know that people have invested their own into the house, making it less likely that they will walk away from their life’s savings. They analyze savings documents to insure the applicant did not borrow the funds or receive a gift.
Lenders look at the following types of accounts and assets for down payment funds:
Checking and Savings – 90 days seasoning in a bank account is required for these funds.Gifts and Grants – After a borrower’s minimum contribution, a gifts or grant is permitted.
Sale of Assets – Personal property can be sold for the required contribution. The property should be appraised and a bill of sale is required. Also, a copy of the received check and a deposit slip are needed.
Secured Loans – A loan secured by property is also an acceptable source of closing funds.
IRA, 401K, Keogh & SEP – Any amount that can be accessed is an acceptable source of funds.
Sweat Equity and Cash On Hand – Generally not acceptable. FHA programsallow it in special circumstances.
Sale Of Previous Home – Must close prior to new home for the funds to be used. A lender will ask for a listing contract, sales contract, or HUD 1 closing statement.
The percentage of one’s debt to income is one of the most important factors when underwriting a loan. Lenders have determined that a house payment should not exceed approximately 30% of Gross Monthly Income. Gross Monthly Income is income before taxes are taken out. Furthermore, a house payment plus minimum monthly revolving and installment debt should be less than 40% of Gross Monthly Income (this figure varies from 35%-41% contingent on the source of financing).
An applicant has $4,500 gross monthly income. The maximum mortgage payment is:
$4500 X .30 = $1350
Their total debts come to:
$75 Master Card
$625 per month.
Remember, their total debts (mortgage plus other debts) must be less than or equal to 40% of their gross monthly income.
$2,800 X .40 = $1800
$1800 is the maximum debt the borrower can have, debts and mortgage payments combined. Can the borrower keep all their debts and have the maximum mortgage payment allowed? NO!
In this case, the borrower, since they have high debts, must adjust the maximum mortgage payment downward, because:
$1975 – which is more than the $1800 (40% of gross debt) we calculated above.
The maximum mortgage payment is therefore:
$1800 – $625 (monthly debt) = $1175.
What Credit Score do You Need to Buy a Home?
When it comes to mortgages and credit scores, there are two really important questions to ask:
–What credit score do I need to qualify for a mortgage?
–What credit score do I need to get the lowest interest rate on a mortgage?
These different but related questions are important if you are looking to buy a home. And the second question is particularly important. With a high FICO score, you can literally save tens of thousands of dollars in interest over the life of a home loan. So let’s take a look at both questions. And if you don’t know you score, be sure to get you free credit score.
What credit score do you need to qualify for a mortgage?
The first thing to keep in mind is that qualifying for a mortgage involves a lot more than just a credit score. While your FICO score is a very important ingredient, it is just one factor. Lenders also look at your income and level of debt, among other things.
As a rule of thumb, however, a credit score below 620 will make buying a home very difficult. A FICO score below 620 is considered sub-prime. In the past there were mortgage companies that specialized in sub-prime mortgages. Because of the challenges in the credit market over the last year or so, however, sub-prime loans have become difficult if not impossible to obtain.
A FICO score between 620 and 650 is considered fair to good credit. But keep in mind, this range of credit scores does not guarantee you will qualify for a mortgage, and if you do qualify, it won’t get you the lowest interest rate possible. Still, to buy a home aim for a score of at least 620, recognizing that other factors weigh in the decision and that some banks may require a higher score.
What credit score do you need to get a low rate mortgage?
It use to be that a score of about 720 would yield the lowest mortgage rates available. Today, the best rates kick in with a FICO score of 760. And interest rates go up significantly as your credit score drops. To give you an idea, the following table shows current rates by credit score and calculates a monthly principal and interest payment based on a $300,000 loan:
Eligibility Requirements for a Kentucky FHA Loan after September 15, 2015
- Credit score 620 and above with the mortgage investors we work with, even though FHA will insured lower credit scores, most mortgage lenders will create overlays
- No bankruptcies (Chapter 7) in last 2 years with clean credit afterwards and 3 years after a foreclosure or short sale
- 3.5% Down payment. Can be gifted or money saved-up or money taken out of 401k or retirement account. No cash gifts or unsourced deposits are allowed for down payment on a FHA loan.
- Debt to income ratios can be up to 55% on an Approved Eligible Files but restricted on manual underwrites to 31% and 43% respectively.
- Overtime or bonus income needs to show a 2 year history for it be eligible for income qualifying on a FHA loan. FHA underwriters typically will take a 2 year average.
- FHA appraisals with the new changes now call for the FHA appraiser to check and review the home more thoroughly, hence the typical costs of a FHA appraisal has gone from $325 to $425 due to more legwork involved on a FHA appraisal.
- Any disputes on credit bureau will need to be taken out of dispute status typically for your credit scores to be validated, so please be aware of this.
- Rent references are usually not called for unless your file get downgraded to a manual
- FHA mortgage insurance the upfront and annual mi monthly fee is for life of loan.
- A lender may approve a borrower if: acceptable payment history and no major derogatory credit on revolving accounts in the last 12 months. “Acceptable payment history” means: the borrower made all housing and installment debt payments on time for the previous 12 months, and there are no more than two 30‐day late mortgage or installment payments in the last 24 months. “Major derogatory credit” means: payments made more than 90 days after the due date, or 3 or more payments made more than 60 days after the due date.
- Child support income is Allowed If using a voluntary payment agreement, the lender: obtains 12 months canceled checks, deposit slips, or tax returns. For divorce decree, legal separation agreement, or court order if there is evidence of receipt for the most recent 6 months, may use the current payment to calculate income, & if there are not 6 months of consistent payments, may average the income received over the prior 2 years, or less if the income has not been received that long 4000.1 II.A
Senior Loan Officer
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For those that qualify, Kentucky VA loans provide the opportunity to minimize costs and maximize benefits for veterans. Borrowers are able to save time and money, making the loan process easier than ever. Here are some of the advantages of Kentucky VA loans:
- Requires no money down: With no up-front expenses, this is the most attractive advantage of Kentucky VA loans. It is nearly impossible to find another lending option that provides borrowers with 100% financing.
- No private mortgage insurance: The VA is responsible for guaranteeing VA loans; therefore no additional insurance is needed.
- VA limits amount of closing costs: The seller is allowed to pay all of your closing costs and concessions up to 6% of the loan amount.
- No Pre-Pay penalties: You have the option to refinance or sell your home at any time without having to pay a fee.
- Assumable mortgage
Veterans are not automatically qualified to receive a VA Loan. In order to become eligible to receive a VA loan you must first apply for a Certificate of Eligibility (VA Form 26-1880). This can be obtained by applying online at the Department of Veterans Affairs website (http://vip.vba.va.gov) or through your lender.
There are further guidelines used to determine eligibility. If you fall under one of the following requirements you are eligible for a VA loan:
- Active-Duty veterans who served a minimum of 90 consecutive days in wartime
- Active-Duty veterans who were discharged during or after WWII, without “dishonorable” status
- Peacetime veterans who served 181 consecutive days
- Enlisted veterans with service dates after 1980, or officers with service dates after 1981, who have served at least 2 years
- Served 6 years in the Selected Reserves or National Guard
- Spouse of a deceased veteran (with a service-related death) and has not remarried, or a spouse of a serviceperson missing in action or prisoner of war
Eligibility may also be established for citizens who:
- Served in the armed forces of a government allied with the U.S. in WWII
- Served as a member in certain organizations, such as officers in Public Health Service, cadets in U.S. Military, Air Force, or Coast Guard, midshipmen at U.S. Naval Academy, officers in National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and merchant seamen with WWII service
VA loans can be used to purchase a home, townhouse or condominium, build a home, make energy efficient home improvements, purchase land/lot for a manufactured home, or refinance a previous home loan.
The VA guarantees a maximum of 25% of your home loan with a standard loan limit of $417,000. What if the house you want costs more than the limit?
For veterans who qualify, the VA offers a VA Jumbo Home Loan. The maximum guaranty amount depends on the location of the property. The potential loan maximum for all locations in the U.S. other than Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands is $1,094, 625. In Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, the potential loan maximum is $1,641,937.50. VA Jumbo Home Loans offer the same benefits as standard VA loans; however, the qualifying standards for VA Jumbo Home Loans are generally stricter. Unlike standard VA loans, VA Jumbo Home loans have credit score restrictions and require a down payment. Borrowers are also required to pay the funding fee upfront without the option of having it rolled into the loan.
In order for the spouse to be eligible, the veteran must have died due to being in active duty or later from service-connected causes. If the surviving spouse gets remarried on or after age 57 they are still eligible for the benefits. Also, if the veteran is a POW or MIA the spouse can be eligible but it is a one-time only use. If the spouse qualifies, there is a form attached that needs to be mailed or faxed into the VA to obtain the certificate of eligibility. We cannot obtain the certificate of eligibility for the spouse. Please have them call 888-244-6711 for details on how to submit the form to the VA.
Loan $144,000 or less entitlement is $36,000.
For loans in excess of $144,000 additional entitlement may be available. For loans greater than $144,000 but less than $417,000 the max entitlement is $104,250 but even though the veteran may have this additional entitlement the COE will never reflect the extra entitlement. There will be an asterisk by the word “available” and that is how you tell the extra entitlement.
- Government shutdown affects on USDA, FHA, VA, Rural Housing, KHC and Fannie Mae Mortgage loans in Kentucky (mylouisvillekentuckymortgage.com)
- 4 Keys to VA Loan Approval | Military.com (kentuckyvaloan.com)
- Louisville Kentucky VA Mortgage Requirements for income and debt to income ratios: (mylouisvillekentuckymortgage.com)
- Kentucky VA Mortgage loans for Active Duty Military at Fort Knox Ky and Fort Campbell KY (trulia.com)
- VA Home Loan Centers Doesnt Anticipate Delays in Loan Origination (CurrentHomeMortgageRate.com)
- Federal Government shutdown and their effect on FHA, VA, USDA loans in Kentucky (trulia.com)
- Kentucky VA Loans Cash Out Requirements on a VA refinance (mylouisvillekentuckymortgage.com)
- Federal Government shutdown and their effect on FHA, VA, USDA loans in Kentucky (kentuckyusdaloan.com)
- When Should I Lock My Interest Rate? (mortgageinsights.wordpress.com)
- The Top 5 Questions to Ask Your Lender (kentuckyfirsttimehomebuyer.com)
- Property Trax: Federal shutdown threatening local mortgages, rental assistance : Wsj USDA Rural Development’s Single Family Housing Guaranteed Loan Program (kentuckyusdaloan.com)
- Lock and Shop Programs Coming Back? (fishhawkranchrealestateexpert.wordpress.com)
- Locking Your Interest Rate When Buying A House (bayarearealestatetrends.com)
- How High is “Too High” for a Used Car Loan Interest Rate? (keystoneautoloans.com)
- The Mortgage Professor: Smart mortgage shoppers understand pricing (sacbee.com)
- Loans from Commercial Lending Corporation Can Contain Different Terminology You Need To Understand (sbaclcblog.wordpress.com)
- backtoschoolpaydayadvance.com (goldcashloannow.wordpress.com)
- Interest rate predictions straight from the lender’s mouth (indysceneteam.wordpress.com)