Below are Kentucky FHA guidelines for a property that has well water and septic tanks for waste disposal . The Kentucky FHA appraiser should be able to address the distance between the well and septic for distance requirements, and comment if public sewers are available.
(O) Water Supply Systems in Kentucky
(1) Public Water Supply System The Mortgagee must confirm that a connection is made to a public or Community Water System whenever feasible and available at a reasonable cost. If connection costs to the public or community system are not reasonable, the existing onsite systems are acceptable, provided they are functioning properly and meet the requirements of the local health department.
(2) Individual Water Supply Systems (Wells) When an Individual Water Supply System is present, the Mortgagee must ensure that the water quality meets the requirements of the health authority with jurisdiction. If there are no local (or state) water quality standards, then water quality must meet the standards set by the EPA, as presented in the National Primary Drinking Water regulations in 40 CFR §§ 141 and 142. Soil poisoning is an unacceptable method for treating termites unless the Mortgagee obtains satisfactory assurance that the treatment will not endanger the quality of the water supply. Requirements for the location of wells for FHA-insured Properties are located in 24 CFR § 200.926d (f) (3). The following tables provide the minimum distance required between wells and sources of pollution for Existing Construction:
|Individual Water Supply System for Minimum Property
Requirements for Existing Construction*
|1||Property line/10 feet|
|2||Septic tank/50 feet|
|3||Drain field/100 feet|
|4||Septic tank drain field reduced to 75 feet if allowed by local authority|
|5||If the subject Property line is adjacent to residential Property then local well distance requirements prevail. If the subject Property is adjacent to non-residential Property or roadway, there needs to be a separation distance of at least 10 feet from the property line.|
|* distance requirements of local authority prevail if greater than stated above|
The following provides the minimum requirements for water wells:
|Water Wells Minimum Property Standards for New Construction
24 CFR § 200.926d(f)(1)
|2||If no local chemical and bacteriological water standards, state standards apply|
|3||Connection of public water whenever feasible|
|4||Wells must deliver water flow of five gallons per minute over at least a four-hour period|
|Water Wells Minimum Property Requirements for Existing Construction|
|1||Existing wells must deliver water flow of three to five gallons per minute|
|2||No exposure to environmental contamination|
|3||Continuing supply of safe and potable water|
|4||Domestic hot water|
|5||Water quality must meet requirements of local jurisdiction or the EPA if no local standard|
Senior Loan Officer
The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) designed a mortgage loan specifically for veterans, active-duty service members and reservists to make it easier for them to buy a home. While some borrowers may be familiar with this loan, they may not know certain details.
VA home loans don’t have a limit, are only available through lenders, must be used for primary residences and eligible to surviving spouses, and require a Certificate of Eligibility.
Let’s take a closer look:
1. There isn’t a cap on the amount someone could borrow.
Unlike many other mortgage loans, VA loans don’t have a set cap on how much money a borrower could receive, according to the VA. This essentially means there isn’t a limit. However, the VA itself does, with it only assuming liability on a certain amount.
“The loan limits are the amount a qualified Veteran with full entitlement may be able to borrow without making a down payment.”
Specifically, “there are limits on the amount of liability VA can assume, which usually affects the amount of money an institution will lend you,” states the department. “The loan limits are the amount a qualified Veteran with full entitlement may be able to borrow without making a down payment. These loan limits vary by county, since the value of a house depends in part on its location.”
These limits also tend to change from year to year, and can be viewed on the VA’s official website.
2. VA loans cannot be used to purchase vacation homes.
One of the stipulations of a VA home loan is that the property being purchased must be used as the borrower’s primary residence. This means any vacation homes, as well as properties buyers are interested in purchasing for investment purposes, do not qualify. However, buyers aren’t limited to only single-family homes. Multi-family homes, some condominiums, and manufactured homes, are also eligible—they just need to be approved by the VA beforehand.
3. Some surviving spouses are eligible.
As aforementioned, VA home loans were developed to help veterans, active-duty service members and reservists afford a home. Still, there are some exceptions in which surviving spouses may be eligible, as well. Several conditions in which this could take place, as described by the VA, include:
A surviving spouse of a veteran who was killed in action or by a combat-related disability may qualify, for example, as long as he or she is not remarried. A spouse of an active-duty service member “missing in action or a prisoner of war” could obtain this type of loan, too.
Additionally, any surviving spouses who remarry on or after age 57, and on or after December 16, 2003, or who are married to a “certain totally disabled” veteran “whose disability may not have been the cause of death,” are also considered an eligible candidate.
4. The VA doesn’t provide borrowers with the loan.
The VA created the loan and guarantees it, but the agency doesn’t actually provide qualified borrowers with a VA loan. Applicants would need to be approved by a trusted mortgage lender and obtain the funds that way, instead.
5. Borrowers must receive a Certificate of Eligibility.
Although borrowers have to apply for a VA home loan via a lender, they must receive a Certificate of Eligibility (COE) by the VA to be approved, which they can do online, via mail, or through their lender. A COE simply proves that they are suitable candidates and meet the loan’s qualifications. Since different types of buyers could be eligible, the VA breaks down what each one would need to obtain a COE:
For instance, any veterans applying need a DD Form 214, and are “required to have a copy showing the character of service (item 24) and the narrative reason for separation (item 28).”
- Borrowers using rental income from a non-subject property to qualify need to document a minimum 2 year rental history and 3 months reserves PITI for each rental property (excluding property being vacated and turned into a rental). When no mortgage exists on a rental property, 3 months reserves must still be provided that cover taxes, insurance, HOA dues, and any other fees documented for the property. These reserves cannot come from equity, gift funds, or any loan proceeds.
- Rental income from boarders can now be used as qualifying income provided
- A 2 year history of tax returns can be provided showing boarder income generated by the property; AND
- The use of the property for boarder rental cannot impair the residential nature of the property and cannot exceed 25% of the property’s total floor area
- Alimony, child support, and maintenance require at least 3 years continuance to be considered effective income.
- For payment plans after a judgment, VA will generally require 12 months of timely payments before credit is considered reestablished. A shorter repayment history may be considered if it can be determined that the borrower addressed the judgment responsibly and began a repayment plan immediately after it was filed. If borrower has missed payments within the last 12 months, they will be ineligible for financing even if the debt is paid in full.
- For voluntary short sales or deeds-in-lieu where the borrower was current on their payments at the time the property was surrendered, no minimum derogatory credit waiting period will be required.
- VA’s list of required Appraisal Report Contents has been updated and now includes specific photographs required on the appraisal (refer to VA Chapter 11: Topic 3: Appraisal Report Contents for full list).
- VA Chapter 11: Topic 4: Gross Living Area has been added to provide direction in determining the Gross Living Area of the property.
- Other sections have been updated to include guideline changes from previous VA Circulars.